The High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People (HAC) is a group of states, co-chaired by France and Costa Rica. Its goal is to support the adoption of an ambitious target to protect 30% of the world's land and 30% of the world's seas by 2030 (30x30 target), within the global framework for biodiversity protection of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which was adopted at COP15 in China, in 2022.
This science-based target echoes the recommendations of IPBES and IUCN, which establish protected areas as a necessary and effective solution for the conservation of species and ecosystems and recommend a significant increase in the area of protected areas, to at least 30% by 2030.
The 30% target is not just a quantitative target. It is about ensuring that protected areas cover sites of particular importance for biodiversity, and that they are connected and effectively managed, while involving indigenous peoples and local communities.
The ambition of this coalition is to bring together as many states as possible to influence the ongoing negotiations on the adoption of the 30x30 target.
The Coalition was officially launched at the One Planet Summit in January 2021. It currently has seventy-eight members.
They are spread over all continents and represent :
- more than 30% of the world's terrestrial biodiversity
- more than 25% of the world's terrestrial carbon stocks
- 28% of ocean biodiversity hotspots and over one-third of ocean carbon stocks
The Alliance is an informal coalition of states involved in the negotiations of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. It is led by Costa Rica and France. Its members meet regularly to discuss their strategy to convince new states and engage their civil societies. Two working groups have been created to work on the substantive issues of the negotiations. One group is addressing the issue of the language of the 30x30 target, the other is focusing on the introduction of specific language on indigenous peoples and local communities in coordination with the IIFB (International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity)
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